Melissa, in Melissa officinalis, is the Greek word for honeybee. Lemon balm, has been cultivated to attract bees for over 2,000 years! Greeks and Romans used lemon balm for flavoring as well as medicine. They drank lemon balm infused wine for fevers and crushed up leaves to treat wounds and bites. Modern Herbal practitioners used lemon balm with other calming herbs to promote sleep and reduce anxiety. German studies have indicated that lemon balm's volatile oils help protect the cerebral cortex from excess external stimuli. A cup of tea before bedtime can prevent nightmares and promote a restful sleep. Lemon balm also reduces anxiety, restlessness, insomnia and menstrual cramps. Lemon balm can be used both topically and internally and is great for children and adults alike.